Python frameworks for web development
Frameworks — around the world have emerged as the go-to solution for programmers especially for those who want to achieve their goals with fewer lines of code.
Python frameworks are not behind in this race as it has some of the best tools in the market suited according to your needs. Let’s discuss few most popular Python frameworks along with their features in this blog.
The most popular Python framework — Django is a free-to-use open-source framework which has numerous built-in features rather than separate libraries. It is a full-stack framework that supports major databases such as MySQL, Oracle etc.
Here are the best features of Django in a nutshell:
- Object-relational mapper (ORM)
- Fast, secure and scalable
- Built-in Authentication system and support
- Powerful URL system
- Object-oriented programming language database that offers the best data storage and recovery
Flask’s main purpose is to help in developing a strong web application base — once the foundation is strong, you can use any extensions that you may need. The best part is that the framework offers suggestions but doesn’t enforce any dependencies or project layout.
There is a huge list of its features but I'll mention the top ones:
- Built-in development server
- Built-in fast debugger
- Smooth HTTP request handling
- It is flexible & customizable
- Multiple extensions as available to help in integration of new functionalities
The best thing about CherryPy is that it enables developers to develop web apps similarly to how they would develop any other object-oriented Python program which results in the development of smaller source code in lesser time. In short, any CherryPy-powered web application can be deployed anywhere where an ordinary Python app is able to run!
Let me list out its features:
- Powerful configuration system
- Built-in flexible plugin system
- A reliable, HTTP/1.1-compliant, WSGI thread-pooled webserver
- Built-in profiling, coverage, and testing support
- Numerous out-of-the-box tools for encoding, sessions, authentication, caching
Considered to be the best Python framework by many, Bottle was originally developed for building web APIs. It implements everything in a single source file. One of the most important advantages of using Bottle is that it allows developers to work closer to the hardware.
Let’s see Bottle’s best features:
- Built-in HTTP server
- Fast and Pythonic built-in template engine
- Plugin support for different databases
- Dynamic URL-routes
- Allows simple access from cookies, file uploads, data and other HTTP-related metadata.
The most likable thing about Pyramid is its ability to work well with both small and large applications and it does its work with minimum complexity. It is a light-wieght and open-source web framework which provides only the core tools required for nearly all web applications.
Let’s check out its features quickly:
- It is fast, flexible and reliable
- Supports single file web apps
- Flexible Authentication and Authorization Policies
- Supports small and large projects as I just mentioned
- Support different templating systems
Well folks, the list is exhaustive! But, I have tried to keep it short and mentioned a few popular Python frameworks. There are others as well such as Web2Py, TurboGears, CubicWeb, Grok, Tornado, FastApi … and the list goes on…
The bottom line is…though there are several such frameworks in Python — each has their pros and cons but depending on your project’s requirement — one or several of them can be of great help for your development work!
Which one(s) of the Python frameworks do you find the most useful? Let us know in the comments section.
Founder and CEO of an IT company in India, I have more than 25 years experience of in dealing with people, processes, and codes. I started online training for my students when it was not in fashion and have trained more than 1000 students/working professionals personally which has helped them to secure awesome jobs or even start their own businesses.
I am also been an active corporate trainer for several years now and have been consulting with top Fortune 500/1000 companies to streamline their development projects efficiently. My goal is to share knowledge with a primary focus on advanced tools & techniques, projects, and standard programming practices to help my students understand the basics and fundamentals and make awesome technological implementations.